- (c. 1490/95-1544)
Luke (or Lucas) Hornebolte (variously spelled Horenbout, Hornebaud) was a member of a prominent family of artists from Ghent, where his father Gerard was in 1515 appointed court painter to Margaret of Austria, regent of the Netherlands. However, around 1525 Gerard Hornebolte moved his family and workshop to England, possibly because of Lutheran sympathies as well as for economic reasons. His son Luke found employment at the court of Henry VIII* as a painter of portraits and, in particular, of portrait miniatures. In 1534 Luke Hornebolte was appointed to the honored position of painter to the king, a position that he held until his death in 1544. His father, Gerard, either died or returned to Flanders in the 1530s.While Gerard Hornebolte had specialized in the illumination of religious manuscripts, Luke Hornebolte worked in the field of portraits and portrait miniatures. The importation of Flemish artists into England, many of whom had been trained as illuminators (corrupted to "limners" in English), was important to the development of the English portrait miniature. Luke Hornebolte himself taught the craft of the portrait miniature to his great contemporary and colleague Hans Holbein.* Hornebolte and Holbein were both employed as painters to Henry VIII during the same period; indeed, some portraits attributed to the better-known painter Holbein may well be by Hornebolte. Henry VIII, unlike many of his princely contemporaries in the Renaissance, was not a connoisseur of art. His need was simply for accurate portraits that displayed his majesty; as a result, the court portraits of his period tend to be stiff stereotypes. But the portrait miniatures are very different, with their small size, jewel-like colors, rich settings, and imaginative poses. Hornebolte in particular can be credited with introducing the portrait miniature to English art, paving the way for Holbein, Nicholas Hilliard,* and Isaac Oliver.*BibliographyH. Paget, "Gerard and Lucas Hornebolte in England," Burlington Magazine, 1959, 396402.R. Strong, The Tudor and Stuart Monarchy: Pageantry, Painting, Iconography, 3 vols., 1995-98.Rosemary Poole
Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. Jo Eldridge Carney. 2001.
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HILLIARD, Nicholas — (c. 1547 1619) Nicholas Hilliard, the son of an Exeter goldsmith, was the first native born English painter to achieve prominence in the field of portraiture, and in particular the portrait miniature. Hilliard became painter and goldsmith to… … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary
Lucas Horenbout — Lucas Horenbout, often called Hornebolte in England, (Ghent c. 1490 to 1495 London 1544) was a Flemish artist who moved to England in the mid 1520s and worked there as King s Painter and court miniaturist to King Henry VIII from 1525 until his… … Wikipedia
HOLBEIN, Hans The Younger — (1497/98 1543) Hans Holbein the Younger was born in Augsburg in 1497/98. His subsequent career, however, linked him more closely with Basel in Switzerland and, finally, London. Born some twenty five years after the great Albrecht Dürer,* Holbein… … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary